How stem cells treat diabetes information and facts

How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject for medical research and displays great promise.

How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever recurring topic for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently doing clinical trials for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The modern process entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is made. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant will give signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and frequently just black out which may be hazardous when driving or executing other critical tasks type 2 diabetes.

Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not enough donors to go around with only approximately 3,500 donor organs readily available last year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem is to make islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research occurring using dubious embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells obtained from adults. But due to the ethical and also political debate with regards to stem cells this route to a cure is moving slowly. People who believe life begins at conception firmly fight embryonic stem cell research since the cells originated from human embryos that happen to be destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and possess the greatest potential to become any kind of cells in the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But you can find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as remedies.

A recent published study described that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – they’re called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not been able to be duplicated.

Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this study supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their own bodies start generating the hormone by natural means diabetes care.

How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever on-going subject for medical research and displays great promise in the battle to discover a cure for this serious disease.