Ongoing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is surely an ongoing project and it is exhibiting great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an on-going project which is showing great promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is doing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure consists of transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body right after the first transplant can give warning signs when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out which may be dangerous when driving or performing other essential tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there aren’t enough donors to go around with simply about 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem is to make islets within the lab utilizing stems cells. There is certainly research happening using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving slowly. People who think that life starts at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells originate from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells inside the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But you’ll find studies which raise questions about the ability of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study revealed that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells obtained from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to get reproduced.

Even though research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the battle to discover a remedy for this long-term disease.