Existing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an on-going project and it is exhibiting great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now performing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure involves transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These http://mecholesterol.com patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs once the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out which can be harmful when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not enough donors to go around with only about 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue would be to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is certainly research going on using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells obtained from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But you will find studies which raise queries about the capability of these cells as therapies.

A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.

Even though the research using stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists feel that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start creating the hormone normally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the fight to find a cure for this chronic disease.